Designing The Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT) for Sinus Using Context of Scout Tent

Dinda Mahardika, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri


One of the problems in modern mathematics learning is mathematical concepts presented by teachers to students such as machines. So, the concept is used by students as finished products without knowing the origin and how to reconstruct them. The effort that can be made by the teacher in overcoming this is by designing learning wherever possible starting with presenting realistic problems to arrive at an abstract idea. In this article we will discuss the design of sine rule learning in the context of scout tents, which is a type of design research. Design research has three cycles, namely preliminary design, classroom experiment, and retrospective analysis. In this article only the preliminary study phase will be discussed, which includes literature study activities, curriculum analysis, and the
design early prototype. An HLT (Hypotetical Learning Trajectory) has been produced which deals with sine rules that use the context of scout tents.


Sine Rule Design; HLT; Scout Tent; PMRI; Design Research

Full Text:



Kemendikbud. (2016). Silabus SMA/MA SMK/MAK kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Kemendikbud.

Kemendikbud. (2018). Tingkatkan Mutu Pendidikan Melalui Empat Hal Ini. (Online),



Freudenthal, H. (1991). Revisiting Mathematics Education. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

Freudenthal, H. (2002). Revisiting Mathematics Education: China Lectures. Netherlands: Springer

Netherlands. DOI:

Gravemeijer & Cobb. (2006). Design Research from a Learning Design Perspective. In: Van den

Akker, J., Gravemeijer, K., McKenney, S., & Nieveen, N. (Eds). (2006). Educational Design

Research. London: Routledge, 62-90.

Marpaung, Y. (2010). Karakteristik PMRI (Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia). (Online).


NCTM. (2003). NCATE/NCTM program standards (2003) programs for initial preparation of

mathematics teachers. NCTM Publishing.

Nizarwati. (2009). Development of constructivism oriented learning tools for teaching the trigonometry

comparison concept for tenth-grade student [in Bahasa]. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(2),


Nurbaiti. (2011). Development of Trigonometry Teaching Materials Using PMRI Approach for Tenth-

Grade Students at SMAN 3 Palembang [in Bahasa]. Unpublished Tesis: PPs UNSRI.

Putri, R.I.I. (2012). Implementasi Lesson Study Melalui Pendekatan PMRI Pada Mata Kuliah Metode

Statistika I. Proceedings of KNM16. Bandung, July 3th to 5th.

Putri, R.I.I. dan Zulkardi, (2017). Fraction in Shot-Put: A Learning Trajectory,” in Research and

Education for Developing Scientific Attitude in Sciences and Mathematics, AIP Conference

Proceedings 1868, edited by C. Kusumawardani et al. (AIP Publishing, New York) p. 050005

Putri, R.I.I., & Zulkardi. (2019). Designing Jumping Task on Percent using PMRI and Collaborative

Learning. International Journal on Emerging Mathematics Education (IJEME). 3(1).

Sato, M. (2014). Reforming Educational Concept and Practice of Learning Communities [in Bahasa].


Sembiring, R.K., Hoogland, K., & Dolk, M. (2010). A Decade of PMRI in Indonesia. Bandung-Utrecht.

Yeni, R.F. (2013). Learning design of sine rules and cosine rules based on pmri to know student

strategies [in Bahasa]. Jurnal Kreano,4(1), 88-97.

Zulkardi. (2002). Developing a Learning Environment on Realistic Mathematics Education For

Indonesian Student Teachers. Thesis. University of Twente: Enschede.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Sriwijaya International Journal of Lesson Study
Innovation Learning Center
Sriwijaya University, Palembang, Indonesia
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139 Indonesia

p-ISSN:2722-0370; e-ISSN:2722-3310

Sriwijaya International Journal of Lesson Studyis licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


View My Stats

Indexed in: